HTML or Hypertext Markup Language is the standard markup language used for creating Web pages and web applications. Every webpage has to use HTML to be shown in a web browser. HTML is a markup language.
What is Markup language?
It is a computer language which uses different tags to specify different elements in a document. Human can read and write the language quite easily as they have standard words as tags unlike programming languages. There are two famous Markup languages in these days are HTML and XML.
- Markup is used to describe the structure of Web pages by HTML
- HTML pages are created using HTML elements as building blocks
- HTML tags are used to represent HTML elements
- HTML tags are used to describe a piece of content in a web page like “paragraph”, “heading”, “table” etc.
- HTML tags are not shown by the browsers as they are used to render the content of the a web page
HTML tags use angle brackets to surround the tag names as:
There are opening and end tags usually used for various HTML tags.
See list of HTML tags
HTML in Web Browsers
HTML documents are displayed in the web browsers. All the browsers like Chrome, IE, Firefox, Safari etc. are used to render HTML documents.
The HTML tags are not shown by the browsers but they are used to decide how to display the document.
HTML Page Formation
HTML code or HTML page structure:
<html> <head> <title>Title</title> </head> <body> <h1>Heading</h1> <p>Paragraph 1.</p> <p>Paragraph 2.</p> </body> </html>
Note: <body></body> is the only place to for the contents to be shown on the browser.
For more detailed information What HTML Stands For
Since the early days of the web, there have been many versions of HTML:
HTML Versions in different years.
HTML in 1991
HTML 2.0 in 1995
HTML 3.2 in 1997
HTML 4.01 in 1999
XHTML in 2000
HTML5 in 2014